It's spring time – the season of the year when the flowers of the earth are at its most beautiful; grasses are at its greenest and the weather is at its best. It is already a known fact that spring is the blossoming time of the year, but did you know that this is also the time of the year which is considered as the "allergy season"? Yes, it is another statement to describe spring. Why, you ask? It is because as the nature blooms, tiny grains of pollen are being released in the air which triggers allergy for millions of people. Not only that, whether you're indoor or outdoor, you could be a victim of this sickness.
Indoor allergies, also known as " Perennial Allergic Rhinitis" is an allergic reaction by the human body whenever allergens are inhaled into the nose and lungs. Its symptoms range from mild to severe. Common symptoms are runny nose, sniffling, sneezing, itchy eyes and sore throat. So now, let's discuss the major factors that trigger indoor allergies.
Most Common Allergens:
1. House Dust Mites
Among the known allergens, dust mites have been considered to be prime cause of indoor allergies. It is microscopic organism that lurks in house dust and that's what it was named after. These mites grow well in warm and humid areas of the house.
2. Pet Dander
As much as we love having pets inside our house, we need to accept the fact that they also cause allergies. In contrast with old beliefs, it is not the hair/fur of pets that triggers allergy but their saliva, dried urine and the shedding of their skin (flakes).
3. Mold Spores
These tiny organisms grow on decaying matter and usually dwell on damp places. Whenever there is a rapid rise in temperature especially in moist areas, these organisms release spores that cause our allergic reaction.
This is a powder like substance found in plants and it is a prevalent allergen as well. Pollen can be easily spread by wind so technically wherever the wind blows, it follows. This is exactly why even indoors you can still catch allergy.
Since we have already tackled the most common allergens, let's go ahead and check the best preventive measures that we can do.
1. House Dust mites:
- Clean your cushions, soft toys, curtains, upholstered furnitures as well as pillows and bedding regularly to avoid dust mites from inhabiting.
- Wipe surfaces with a sodden, clean material, as dry tidying can spread the allergens further.
- Expand ventilation and decrease humidity by opening windows and utilizing extractor fans or dehumidifiers
- As much as possible, use hypo-allergenic proof covers on mattress, duvet and pillows
- It might be quite hard, but as much as possible you need to keep your pets outside or assign a particular space in your house where they can stay
- It is necessary for you to bathe your pets at least once a week
- Wash bedding and furnishings that has been used by your pets.
3. Mold Spores:
- Keep your home dry and well- ventilated all the time.
- Do not dry your clothes indoor, store clothes in damp areas/rooms or stuff your clothes tightly in the closet.
- Refrain from opening the internal doors open when you're in the shower or in the kitchen cooking as to prevent damp air from spreading entirely inside the house.
- Keep doors and windows shut during mid-morning and early evening because this is the time of the day when pollen count is at its peak.
- After a long day outdoor, take time to show and wash your hair to remove the pollen.
- You can wear sunglasses to protect your eyes from getting irritated and bring handkerchief with you to cover your nose.
Prevention has been always better than cure and being aware of nature's allergens can be of great benefit to you as well. Always take safety precautions with you anywhere you go. Have fun this spring and hope you carry these knowledge with you!